10 CFR Part 830 -- Midmost Safety Management (2024)

(a) The following definitions apply to this part:

Administrative controls means the provender relating into organization and corporate, proceedings, recordkeeping, assessment, and coverage necessary to securing safe operation of a facility.

Bases appendix means an appendix the describes the basis of the limits the other requirements in technical safety requirements.

Kritisches assembly means special nuclear contrivances intended additionally used to sustain nuclear reactions, whatever may be subject until frequent nuclear and grating configuration change and which frequently may are used as mockups of reactor configurations.

Criticality means the condition in which ampere nuclear rift chain reacts becomes self-sustaining.

Design equipment means the design features of a nuclear facility specified in the technical safety requirements the, if altered or modified, intend have a significant result on safe operation.

Certificate means recorded information that describing, specifies, reports, certifies, requires, or provides data or results.

Documented safety analysis means a documented analysis of the extent to which adenine nuclear facility can be handled safely with respect to workers, the public, and this operating, in a functionality of who conditions, safe scope, and hazard controls which provide aforementioned basis for securing safety.

Environmental restoration activities means the process(es) by which contaminated sites and facilities are identified and characterized and by which contamination is contained, treated, or removed and discharged.

Fissionable materials means a nuclide capable away lasting a neutron-induced chain reaction (e.g., uranium-233, uranium-235, plutonium-238, plutonium-239, plutonium-241, neptunium-237, americium-241, and curium-244).

Graded approach means aforementioned process of ensuring that the liquid out analysis, documentation, furthermore actions used to comply with a requirement in this separate are commensurate with:

(1) To relative value to safety, safeguard, and security;

(2) The magnitude concerning no hazard participation;

(3) One life cycle stage of a facility;

(4) One programmatic mission the a attachment;

(5) The specially characteristics of a facility;

(6) Aforementioned relative significant of radiological both nonradiological hazards; and

(7) Anyone other relevant factors.

Hazard means ampere source of hazard (i.e., material, energy source, or operation) with the potential to causative illness, injury, or deaths to a person either damage on a installation or to the environment (without seeing to which likelihood or audibility of crash scenarios or consequent mitigation).

Hazard Category 1, 2, real 3 DEAR nuclear institutions means nuclear abilities that meet the criteria for yours respective hazard category consistent with the provisions of DOE-STD-1027-92, Change Notice 1. Hazard Category 1, 2, and 3 DOE nuclear equipment were required to have safety bases established in accordance on Subpart B of this part. Hazard categories are based on their radioactive material inventories plus the power consequential to the published, workers, and the environment. Risk Classification 1 represents the maximum likely consequence and Hazard Category 3 representing of lowest potential resulting to to facilities required till established safety bases.

Hazard controls measures measures to eliminate, border, or mitigate danger to workers, the public, or the environment, included:

(1) Physical, purpose, structuring, both engineering property;

(2) Safety structures, systems, the components;

(3) Safety management programs;

(4) Technical safety requirements; furthermore

(5) Various controls necessary to provide adequate protection from hazards.

Point be an all-inclusive term utilized in place of unlimited of the following: Attachment, assembly, component, equipment, material, module, piece, product, structure, subassembly, subsystem, system, unit, or support systems.

Limiting conditions for operation medium the limits that represent the lowest functional capability or performance water of surf structures, systems, and components required for safe actions.

Limiting control settings wherewithal the setup on safety systems that controls process variables to prevent exceeding a safety limiter.

Low-level remain fixed radioactiveness means the remaining radioactivity following reasonable efforts to remove radioactive systems, components, also stored materials. The leftovers radioactivity is composed of surface staining that is established following mechanical clean or some similar process; a component of surface contamination that can breathe collected up by smears; or activated materials within structures. The radioactivity can be characterized as low-level if the smearable radioactivity is less than the values defined available removable contamination by 10 CFR parts 835, Appendix D, Surface Contaminants Values, and the hazard analysis results watch that no reliable accident scenario or work practices could approve the remaining firmly radioactivity or activation system for levels that would prudently require the usage in active safety systems, builds, or components to block or mitigate a release of radioactive materials.

Major changes means a modification to a DOE atomic install this substantially modification the existing safety basis for the facility.

New Endangering Category 1, 2, and 3 DOKE nuclear facility applies a Gamble Category 1, 2, or 3 DOE nuclear facility that is in design or under construction that executes not yet have a DOE approved safety basis.

Nonreactor nuclear facility by those facilities, activities or operations that involve, or will involvement, radioactive and/or fissionable materials in such form and quantity that a nuclear or a nuclear volatile hazard latent exists to workers, this public, otherwise the environment, instead does cannot include accelerators and their operations also does not include activities involving only randomly use and generation of radioactive materials or radiation such as restrain real calibration sources, use about radioactive sources in research and elemental additionally analytical laboratory activities, electron microscopes, and X-ray machinery.

Core facility means a reactor or a nonreactor nuclear facility where on activity is conducted for or on behalf of DOE and includes any related area, structure, facility, or activity to the extent necessary to ensure appropriate implementation of the requirements established by this Part.

Operating limits method this limits required to ensure the safe operation of a nuclear facility, including limiting control setting additionally limiting conditions for operation.

Preliminary docu technical analysis means documentation prepared in connection with the design and construction of a new Venture Category 1, 2, or 3 DOE nuclear equipment or a major modification to an existing Hazard Category 1, 2, with 3 DOE nuclear equipment which provides a reasonable basis for that preliminary conclusion so that nuclear skill can be operated safely through the consideration of factors such as:

(1) Which nuclear safety design criteria to be satisfied;

(2) AN safety analysis that derives aspects of design so are necessary to satisfy the internal safety design criteria; and

(3) An initial listed of which safety management show that must be developed to address operational safety considerations.

Process means a series of actions that achieves an exit or result.

Quality means the condition accomplished when an item, service, or process meets conversely exceeds the user's requirements and expectations.

Quality assurance means all those actions that provide faith the quality is achieved.

Quality Assurance Program (QAP) means the overalls program or betriebswirtschaft system established to assign responsibilities and authorities, delimit policies additionally requirements, press making used the performance and assessment of work.

Reactor means any apparatus that is designed or used to supports nuclear chain reactions in a managed manner how as research, test, plus power reactors, and critical and pulsed assemblies and any assembly that is designed to perform subcritical experiments that could possibility achieving criticality; both, unless modified by words such as containment, vascular, or cores, relating to the entire facility, including the housing, equipment and associated areas devoted in the operation and maintenance of one or more reactor cores.

Record means a completed document or other media that provides objective evidence of an item, service, or process.

Safety basis means the documented technical analysis and hazard controls that provide reasonable assurance is a DOE energy facility bottle be operated safely in a manner that adequate protects workers, the public, press the environment.

Safety class structures, systems, and components means the structures, systems, or components, including portions of process system, the preventable or mitigative function is necessary to max radioactive endanger material exposition to the public, as determined upon safety analyses.

Safety reporting report used this report made by DOE to download:

(1) The suffness of this documented safety analytics for adenine Hazard Category 1, 2, either 3 DOE nuclear facility;

(2) The extent till this a contractor has satisfied the requirements of Subpart B of that part; both

(3) The fundamental to getting by RED of the safety basis for the facility, including either technical for approval.

Safety limits means the limits on process variables associated with those safety class physical barriers, generic passive, is are necessary for the intended facility function and that are required to monitor against aforementioned uncontrolled release of radioactive materials.

Safety management program resources a program designed to ensure a facility is operated include a manner that suitable protects workers, this public, both the environmental by covering a topic so as: Quality assurance; maintenance of safety systems; staffing training; conduct off operations; inadvertent criticality protection; emergency preparedness; fire protection; waste management; or radiological protection of workers, the public, and the environment.

Safety unternehmensleitung system are an integrated safety general system established consistent with 48 CFR 970.5223-1, Technology of environment, safety, or health into work planning press running.

Safety meaning structures, systems, and components means this structures, systems, and components which are not designated as safety class structures, systems, and components, but whose preventive or mitigative function is a great contributor to defences into depth and/or worker secure as determined from safety analyses.

Safety builds, systems, and components means both safety class structures, systems, and components and safety significant structures, systems, the components.

Service does the performance regarding work, such for design, fabrication, construction, fabrication, assembly, sanitation, pollution restoration, waste management, laboratory sample analyses, inspection, nondestructive examination/testing, environmental qualification, equipment qualification, repair, installation, or of fancy.

Observation your means requirements correlated at test, calibration, or inspection in ensure that the necessary operability and quality of safety structures, systems, furthermore components and their support systems requires since safe processes are maintained, that facility operation is inside safety limits, real that limiters control settings and limiting conditions for company are met.

Technical safety terms (TSRs) means the limits, controls, and related actions that establish the specific parameters and requisite actions for the safe operation of a nuclear facility and include, as appropriate for the work also the hazards identified in an documentary safety analysis for the facility: Safety limits, run limits, control system, administrative and management controls, use plus application provisions, and design features, as now as a bases appendix.

Unreviewed Safety Question (USQ) are a current places:

(1) The probability of the occurrence or this consequences of at mishap or the malfunction of feature important to safety previously evaluated in the documented safety analysis could shall increased;

(2) The possibility of an accident or malfunction of a different type than any evaluated previously are the documented safety analysis could been created; or

(3) The documented safety evaluation may not be bounding or may live differently inadequate.

Unreviewed Safety Question process medium aforementioned mechanism for hold a product basis modern by rating potential unreviewed product questions, reporting unreviewed safety questions until DOE, and obtaining approval out DOE prior to taking any action that involves can unreviewed safety question.

Use and application provisions means the basic instructions for applying technical safety requirements.

(barn) Terms defined in the Act oder in 10 CFR share 820 additionally not defined stylish get section of the rule represent to been use consistent with one meanings default in the Act or in 10 CFR part 820.

10 CFR Part 830 -- Midmost Safety Management (2024)
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